Portuguese invasion and control of the Swahili Coast in the late 16th century ended the golden age of the archipelago, although the Omani Arabs returned to power less than a century later. Today, many of the winding streets and high townhouses of old Stone Town remain unchanged and visitors can walk between the sultan’s palace, the House of Wonders, the Portuguese fort and gardens, the merchants’ houses, and the Turkish baths of the old city. Day- long spice tours to working plantations offer visitors the chance to observe the cultivation of cloves, vanilla, nutmeg, cinnamon, and other spices that have made the island famous.
Zanzibar’s coastline offers some of the best beaches in the world, but sand and surf vary depending on what side of the island you’re on. On the east coast, waves break over coral reefs and sand bars offshore, and low tide reveals small pools of starfish, small minnows, and anemones. Up north, ocean swimming is much less susceptible to the tides, and smooth beaches and white sand make for dazzling days in the sun.
The port city of Stone Town dominates the west coast, and although the beaches of Mangapwani, where slave caves are visible at low tide and nearby Bububu are less than half an hour’s drive away, a night or two spent on the east or north cost is well worth the extra hour it takes to drive there. That said, the Chole Island Marine Park just off Stone Town â€“ and nearby Prison, Grave, and Snake Islands â€“ make a refreshing day-trip and a good break from exploring the winding passageways of the old city. On the south coast of Zanzibar lies the Menai Bay Conservation Area, a sea turtle protection area for the endangered species that come to breed on the island. Roads to the southeast coast take visitors through the Jozani Forest, home to Zanzibar’s rare Red Colobus monkeys and a number of other primate and small antelope species.
The island is situated about 50 km. north of the Zanzibar (Unguja) and 50 km. east of the mainland Tanzania. Most part of the Island, whichÂ is regarded to be hillier and more fertile than Zanzibar. Main towns in PembaÂ are Chake Chake, Mkoani and Wete, which act as tradeÂ and administrative centers of the Island. Â The lush island is the world’s leading producer of cloves
Tourism: Relatively untouched by tourism,Â Pemba offers a variety of touristsâ€™ facilities and activities . It has natural beaches and shallow water groundsÂ which are attractive to people who like fishing and snorkeling. The cool and calm nature of the Island provides for an amicable atmosphere toÂ people who like to distance themselves from disturbances and disruptions of the inner and crowded cities.
There areÂ Ruins in Ras Mkumbuu at the end of Peninsula, the remains of the mosque and several pillars which date back to as early as 11th Century. Foot-Walking Safari to Pujini Ruins in the southeast of Chake Chake. A visit toÂ Mkama Ndume to the remains of 13th Century Swahili Town.
Boat Safari: to the Island of Misali, rich in pristine coral reefs and marine species, surrounded with the finestÂ white sands. Wildlife :Ngezi Forest reserve is full of rare species of bird. Here you should be able to see Pemba’s white-eye, green pigeon, scops owl, or sunbird. Endemic mammals in this small forest reserve are; Pemba flying fox, Kirk’s red colobus, velvet monkey, blue duiker andÂ marsh.
Pemba Island :is the perfect place to explore Indian ocean’s marine life. The Island offers magnificent deep sea diving ground, which range from 30 to 50 meters. Experienced scuba divers have an opportunity to explore pristine coral structure with abundant marine life and the relatively frigid unspoiled waters of the Indian Ocean